Evaluation of a yearly insecticidal ear tag rotation for control of pyrethroid-resistant horn flies (Diptera: Muscidae)
From 1991 to 1997, the yearly alternated use of synergized pyrethroid (λ-cyhalothrin+piperonyl butoxide) and organophosphate (pirimiphos-methyl) ear tags was evaluated for the control of two pyrethroid-resistant horn fly populations in Louisiana. At each site, weekly fly counts were used to assess product efficacy. Control achieved by synergized pyrethroid ear tag treatments was reduced from 7 to 2 weeks and from 4 to 0 weeks at St. Joseph and Winnsboro, respectively. Control by organophosphate ear tags decreased from 15 to 3 weeks and from 10 to 7 weeks at St. Joseph and Winnsboro, respectively. The rotation of synergized λ-cyhalothrin and pirimiphos-methyl ear tags did not improve pyrethroid ear tag efficacy or prevent further development of resistance to the pyrethroid or OP compound. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Barros, A., Alison, M., & Foil, L. (1999). Evaluation of a yearly insecticidal ear tag rotation for control of pyrethroid-resistant horn flies (Diptera: Muscidae). Veterinary Parasitology, 82 (4), 317-325. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4017(99)00024-2