A paper-based electrochemical sensor using inkjet-printed carbon nanotube electrodes

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This paper presents a fully inkjet-printed electrochemical sensor on paper which consists of carbon nanotube-printed working, reference, and counter electrodes. The proposed technique aims at low-cost and disposable paper-based electrochemical sensors. First, a carbon nanotube (CNT) ink was inkjet-printed directly on paper, forming a conductive network. Additionally, a hydrophobic barrier was patterned on paper to limit the absorption of liquid to the designed area. The inkjet printing method allows for rapid patterning of electrodes on paper, resulting in a simple and effective electrochemical sensor. The sheet resistance of the CNT-printed paper was as low as 1 kΩ/□ after 33 prints. A potential step voltammetry method was applied to determine the concentration of the analytes, iron ion (Fe2+) and dopamine (DA), with linear ranges of 10 μM-200 μM and 10 μM-100 μM, respectively. The reported approach for a fully inkjet-printed electrochemical sensor is easy and cheap, and it has a potential for simple and rapid paper-based point-of-care diagnostics.

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ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology

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