Disposable smart plastic biochips for clinical diagnostics
This paper presents an overview of the development of novel disposable smart plastic fluidic biochips for clinical diagnostic applications. The biochip is manufactured using a low-cost, rapid turn around injection molding/embossing process on a plastic substrate. The plastic fluidic biochip uses a novel sPROMs (structurally programmable microfluidic system) approach to achieve passive control of fluidic sequencing [1-2]. The plastic biochip also uses an on-chip pressurized air source for fluidic movement thus eliminating the need for active driving mechanisms and allowing for a truly disposable approach. Furthermore, electrochemical biosensors are also integrated on-chip to analyze various metabolically significant parameters such as PO2 (partial pressure of oxygen), Glucose, Lactate, and pH. The fluidic biochip is being developed for point-of-care health monitoring applications where parameters such as small size, simplicity of operation, disposability, reduced cross-contamination are vital. The issues mentioned above are successfully addressed using the approach of this work and are discussed in this paper.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
Ahn, C., Choi, J., Kim, S., Sohn, Y., Puntambekar, A., Murugesan, S., Beaucage, G., & Nevin, J. (2002). Disposable smart plastic biochips for clinical diagnostics. Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings, 729, 29-38. https://doi.org/10.1557/proc-729-u1.8