University of Illinois Press
Not a Free State After All: African Americans and Racist Violence in the North
In January 1870, a white mob broke into a local jail, kidnapped a black prisoner named George Johnson, tied him to a horse, drug him across town, and then hanged him. As one observer wrote, Johnson was “torn, ma....
"This Is Not Dixie: Racist Violence in Kansas, 1860-1927,"
Civil War Book Review: Vol. 18
Available at: https://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/cwbr/vol18/iss3/18