Characterisation of self-healing efficiency of calcium nitrate microcapsules for concrete applications

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This study presents characterisation of concrete samples containing 0.75% by cement weight of modified calcium nitrate self-healing microcapsules. The phased array ultrasonic testing method was used to investigate the healing efficiency of calcium nitrate microcapsules in concrete. The method is a novel non-destructive testing technique that is commonly used for detecting the defects in welding. Concrete beams were prepared from the control mix (without microcapsules) and mixes containing 0.75% by weight of cement of calcium nitrate microcapsules. After 28 days of moist curing, the phased array ultrasonic images of all beams were captured before loading, after applying 60% of the ultimate flexural load, and after 3 and 7 days of accelerated healing. Moreover, scanning electron microscopy images taken from fractured surfaces of the beams that were loaded up to failure before healing were compared to those of the beams that were healed for 7 days and loaded up to failure.

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International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties

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