Variability and characteristics of recycled asphalt shingles sampled from different sources

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While the recycling of asphalt shingles is beneficial in reducing the consumption of virgin materials, pavement performance should not be compromised. One major concern with recycled asphalt shingles (RAS) relates to the variability in the properties of the recycled materials originating from different sources. In addition, the rheological properties of RAS have not been evaluated as well as its influence on the virgin binder when used in asphalt mixtures. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to characterize the rheological properties and molecular fractions of RAS materials sampled from different sources around the country. In addition, the influence of RAS on the Superpave Performance Grade (PG) of the binder was investigated. Results of the experimental program indicated that the asphalt cement (AC) content in tear-off shingles was consistent among different RAS sources across the country. However, AC content in manufacturer waste shingles was noticeably lower than in tear-off shingles. In addition, all extracted RAS binders were graded as PG 118 or higher using the Superpave binder specification system but the low temperature grade was not measurable due to the high stiffness of the binder. This stiff behavior is due to the binder used in shingle manufacturing, which is an air-blown asphalt binder with stiff characteristics and low elongation properties. Results showed that at a RAS content of up to 5%, the high temperature grade of the blends was increased by one to seven grades and the low temperature grade was increased by one grade. The use of binder blending charts is recommended to account for the influence of RAS in the mix design. At a RAS content of 10%, the binder blends did not pass the Superpave criterion at low temperature. © 2014 American Society of Civil Engineers.

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Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering

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