Aqueous-based initiator attachment and ATRP grafting of polymer brushes from poly(methyl methacrylate) substrates
Many polymers, such as PMMA, are very susceptible to swelling or dissolution by organic solvents. Growing covalently attached polymer brushes from these surfaces by atom-transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) is challenging because of the typical requirement of organic solvent for initiator immobilization. We report an unprecedented, aqueous-based route to graft poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), PNIPAAm, from poly(methyl methacrylate), PMMA, surfaces by ATRP, wherein the underlying PMMA is unaffected. Successful attachment of the ATRP initiator, N-hydroxysuccinimidyl-2-bromo-2- methylpropionate, on amine-bearing PMMA surfaces was confirmed by XPS. From this surface-immobilized initiator, thermoresponsive PNIPAAm brushes were grown by aqueous ATRP to yield optically transparent PNIPAAm-grafted PMMA surfaces. This procedure is valuable, as it can be applied for the aqueous-based covalent attachment of ATRP initiator on any amine-functionalized surface, with subsequent polymerization of a variety of monomers. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Balamurugan, S., Subramanian, B., Bolivar, J., & McCarley, R. (2012). Aqueous-based initiator attachment and ATRP grafting of polymer brushes from poly(methyl methacrylate) substrates. Langmuir, 28 (40), 14254-14260. https://doi.org/10.1021/la302922p