Optical absorption and band gap reduction in (Fe1- XCr x)2O3 solid solutions: A first-principles study
We provide a detailed theoretical analysis of the character of optical transitions and band gap reduction in (Fe1-xCrx) 2O3 solid solutions using extensive periodic model and embedded cluster calculations. Time-dependent density functional theory is used to calculate and assign optical absorption bands for x = 0.0, 0.5, and 1.0 and photon energies up to 5 eV. Consistent with recent experimental data, a band gap reduction of as much as 0.7 eV with respect to that of pure α-Fe 2O3 is found. This result is attributed predominantly to two effects: (i) the higher valence band edge for x ≈ 0.5, as compared to those in pure α-Fe2O3 and α-Cr 2O3, and (ii) the onset of Cr → Fe d-d excitations in the solid solutions. Broadening of the valence band due to hybridization of O 2p with Fe and Cr 3d states also contributes to band gap reduction. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Wang, Y., Lopata, K., Chambers, S., Govind, N., & Sushko, P. (2013). Optical absorption and band gap reduction in (Fe1- XCr x)2O3 solid solutions: A first-principles study. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 117 (48), 25504-25512. https://doi.org/10.1021/jp407496w