Photocatalytic Carbon Dioxide Reduction with Rhodium-based Catalysts in Solution and Heterogenized within Metal-Organic Frameworks
© 2015 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. The first photosensitization of a rhodium-based catalytic system for CO2 reduction is reported, with formate as the sole carbon-containing product. Formate has wide industrial applications and is seen as valuable within fuel cell technologies as well as an interesting H2-storage compound. Heterogenization of molecular rhodium catalysts is accomplished via the synthesis, post-synthetic linker exchange, and characterization of a new metal-organic framework (MOF) Cp∗Rh@UiO-67. While the catalytic activities of the homogeneous and heterogeneous systems are found to be comparable, the MOF-based system is more stable and selective. Furthermore it can be recycled without loss of activity. For formate production, an optimal catalyst loading of ∼10% molar Rh incorporation is determined. Increased incorporation of rhodium catalyst favors thermal decomposition of formate into H2. There is no precedent for a MOF catalyzing the latter reaction so far.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Chambers, M., Wang, X., Elgrishi, N., Hendon, C., Walsh, A., Bonnefoy, J., Canivet, J., Quadrelli, E., Farrusseng, D., Mellot-Draznieks, C., & Fontecave, M. (2015). Photocatalytic Carbon Dioxide Reduction with Rhodium-based Catalysts in Solution and Heterogenized within Metal-Organic Frameworks. ChemSusChem, 8 (4), 603-608. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201403345