Doping properties of polydithienylmethine: A study on the correlation between polymer chain length, spectroscopy, and transport

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(1S)-(+)-10-Camphorsulfonic acid-doped polydithienylmethine was prepared through an acid-catalyzed condensation reaction of α,α′-di-2- thienyl-(2,2′-bithiophene)-5,5′-dimethanol and was characterized by 1H NMR spectroscopy and size exclusion chromatography (SEC). The electronic and vibrational properties of the resulting polymer thin films vary with the loadings of the (1S)-(+)-10-camphorsulfonic acid. The dark conductivity and drift mobility, which is significantly high, of the polymer thin films were enhanced with increasing doping levels and reached maximum values of 8.0 × 10-5 S·cm-1 and 3.5 × 10-2 cm2·V-1·s-1, respectively, at a 7 mol % dopant loading. Higher doping levels (>7 mol %) result in nonuniform polymer thin films with degraded optical quality due to the formation of nanocrystalite and thus a decrease in conductivity and drift mobility was observed. The doped polydithienylmethine thin film also exhibited a photoconductivity response with an excitation at 457 nm and the highest photoconductivity (2 × 10-4 S·cm-1) was again observed at the 7 mol % doping level. Spectroscopic investigation suggests that the enhanced transport properties can be attributed to polaronic species present. The electronic and vibrational changes which relate to such doping were characterized by electronic absorption spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and FTIR spectroscopy. The changes in transport values can be directly related to the changes we see in our spectroscopic investigations. © 2006 American Chemical Society.

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Journal of Physical Chemistry B

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