Comparison of Flavobacterium and Sphingobacterium species by enzyme profiles, with use of pattern recognition of two-dimensional fluorescence data

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Enzyme profiles of eight Flavobacterium species and one Sphingobacterium species were compared after using a two-dimensional fluorescence technique. Enzyme contents and corresponding activities were rapidly determined for whole-cell preparations after incubation with a mixture of preselected fluorogenic substrates. A two-dimensional fluorescence spectrum of the resulting product mixture, measured with a video fluorometer, provided a characteristic 'fingerprint' for each organism. Comparison of fluorescent spectra was facilitated by a Fourier-transform-based pattern-recognition algorithm and by a clustering technique involving the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient. F. multivorum, F. thalpophilum, and S. mizutae formed one cluster; F. indologenes, F. spiritiorum, F. odoratum, and F. balustinum formed a second. F. meningosepticum was intermediate between the first and second cluster, whereas F. breve was different from all other strains examined, based on their spectral dissimilarity indices and correlation coefficients.

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Clinical Chemistry

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