Title

Dual fluorescence of 9-(N,N-dimethylamino)anthracene: Effect of solvent polarity and viscosity

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-3-1997

Abstract

Absorption and fluorescence spectra of 9-(N,N-dimethylamino)anthracene (9-DMA) have been studied in a series of organic solvents and water. The induced circular dichroic spectra of 9-DMA were measured in β-and γ-cyclodextrins to locate the position of the 1La and 1Lb transitions in the absorption spectrum. The fluorescence spectra of 9-DMA exhibit dual emission bands in the solvents employed. Absorption and fluorescence excitation spectra of 9-DMA exhibit a local and an underlying charge-transfer band. The effects of temperature, solvent polarity, and viscosity on these spectra have been studied. The steady-state fluorescence polarization spectra were used to examine the transitions involved. The fluorescence quantum yields and lifetimes of 9-DMA in neat solvents and solvent mixtures have been measured. The pKa value of nitrogen protonation was estimated in aqueous solution. Semiempirical AM1 calculations were performed to calculate energies and dipole moments of various conformers of 9-DMA obtained by twisting the -N(CH3)2 group around the C-N bond.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Journal of Physical Chemistry A

First Page

4872

Last Page

4878

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