Novel anionic copolymerized surfactants of mixed achiral and chiral surfactants as pseudostationary phases for micellar electrokinetic chromatography

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One disadvantage of amino acid-based chiral selectors for micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) is that either they have very low solubility or are insoluble at acidic pHs. In order to increase solubilities at lower pHs, we have synthesized a highly water-soluble achiral surfactant and copolymerized it with an amino acid-based chiral surfactant. These two surfactants were polymerized either separately or at various molar rations of binary solutions, yielding pure molecular or copolymerized surfactant (CoPS), respectively. All surfactants were characterized by use of several analytical techniques prior to using them as novel pseudostationary phases in MEKC. The chromatographic performance of the CoPS in MEKC was tested with chiral and achiral analytes. The highly soluble sulfate head group significantly increased the solubility of amino acid-based CoPS over a wide range of pH. Three chiral binaphthyl derivatives were tested and each surfactant system was found to have different selectivity. © 2004 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

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