Title

Influence of the polydispersity of polymeric surfactants on the enantioselectivity of chiral compounds in micellar electrokinetic chromatography

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-3-2004

Abstract

Poly(sodium undecenoyl-L-leucinate) (poly-L-SUL) was fractionated by the use of different molecular weight cutoff (MWCO) filters to narrow the polydispersity of the macromolecular sizes of the polymeric surfactant. The resulting polymeric surfactant fractions were characterized by the use of three techniques: (1) pulsed field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance (PFG-NMR) was used to determine the hydrodynamic radii, (2) analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC) was used to determine the molecular weights, and (3) steady-state fluorescence was used to determine the polarity of the nonfractionated and fractionated polymeric surfactants. From the data acquired from PFG-NMR, AUC, and fluorescence, it was noted that the hydrodynamic radii and molecular weight of the fractionated poly-L-SUL increased, while the polarity decreased with the increase in the size of the MWCO filter. However, a similarity in physical properties was observed between the nonfractionated and 10-30K fractionated poly-L-SUL except for the hydrodynamic radius and diffusion coefficients. The influence of different macromolecular sizes of poly-L-SUL on the chiral separation of phenylthiohydantion (PTH)-amino acids and coumarinic derivatives, as test analytes, was elucidated by the use of micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC). The size of polymeric surfactants as a prerequisite for chiral separation was demonstrated by comparing the separation properties of fractionated versus nonfractionated polymeric surfactants. Fractionated poly-L-SUL resulted in enhanced resolution and separation efficiency of the test analytes as compared to the case of the nonfractionated poly-L-SUL. This observation indicates that minimizing polydispersity of polymeric surfactants may be important for some chiral separation applications.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Langmuir

First Page

6887

Last Page

6895

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