Monomeric and polymeric anionic gemini surfactants and mixed surfactant systems in micellar electrokinetic chromatography. Part II: Characterization of chemical selectivity using two linear solvation energy relationship models

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Sodium di(undecenyl) tartarate monomer (SDUT), a vesicle-forming amphiphilic compound possessing two hydrophilic carboxylate headgroups and two hydrophobic undecenyl chains, was prepared and polymerized to form a polymeric vesicle (i.e., poly-SDUT). The anionic surfactants of SDUT and poly-SDUT (carboxylate head group) and sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS (sulfate head groups) as well as mixed surfactant systems (SDS/SDUT, SDS/poly-SDUT, and SDUT/poly-SDUT) were applied as pseudostationary phases in micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC). Two linear solvation energy relationship (LSER) models, i.e., solvatochromic and solvation parameter models, were successfully applied to investigate the effect of the type and composition of pseudostationary phases on the retention mechanism and selectivity in MEKC. The solvatochromic and solvation parameter models were used to help understand the fundamental nature of the solute-pseudostationary phase interactions and to characterize the properties of the pseudostationary phases (e.g., solute size and hydrogen bond-accepting ability for all pseudostationary phases). The solute types were found to have a significant effect on the LSER system coefficients and on the predicted retention factors. Although both LSER models provide the same information, the solvation parameter model is found to provide much better results both statistically and chemically than the solvatochromic model. © 2005 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

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