Fluorescence of metal-ligand complexes of mono- and di-substituted naphthalene derivatives

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In this work, metal ion complexes for several naphthalene derivatives have been investigated. Different working pH values were chosen: 2.5 for complexes with Zr(IV), 4.0 for complexes with Fe(III), 5.0 for complexes with Al(III), and 7.5 for complexes with Cu(II). A stoichiometry of 1:1 for all complexes except two has been established by use of the Benesi-Hildebrand method and the stability constants have been calculated. All complexes between naphthalene derivatives and Cu(II) and Fe(III) show fluorescence quenching. In the case of Al(III), all complexes provided enhanced fluorescence. For Zr(IV), only the complex with 3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid provided enhanced fluorescence. The value of the stability constants as a function of the substituents of naphthalene derivatives has been analyzed. One can conclude that Cu(II) showed the largest binding affinity for the mono-substituted derivatives. However, Al(III) and Zr(IV) produced greater selectivity for the di-substituted derivatives. Iron(III) showed no specific binding with any of the naphthalene derivatives. © 2005 Springer Science + Business Media, Inc.

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Journal of Fluorescence

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