Title

Meso-Tetraphenylporphyrin Dimer Derivative as a Potential Photosensitizer in Photodynamic Therapy

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-1997

Abstract

Studies on the synthesis, preliminary in vivo biological activity, singlet oxygen and fluorescence yields of a climeric porphyrin (D1) are described. The pharmacokinetic behavior and photodynamic properties of the dimer D1 were examined in Balb/c mice bearing an MS-2 fibrosarcoma. Compound D1 shows a high selectivity for tumor localization (tumor/peritumoral tissue ratios of dye concentration ranging between ca 100 and 140 at 24 h after drug administration of 5.0-1.0 mg kg-1 into DL-α-dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine liposomes). The phototherapeutic efficiency of dimer D1 was evaluated by following the growth curves of fibrosarcoma irradiated with red light (600-700 nm) with a total dose of 400 J cm-2, at 24 h after intravenous injection. Photodynamic therapy-treated tumors showed a significant delay in growth as compared to untreated control mice. The results obtained suggest that the porphyrin dimer D1 may be a promising candidate for further use in PDT experiments.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Photochemistry and Photobiology

First Page

405

Last Page

412

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