Characterization of the self-assembly of meso-tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin (H 2TPPS 4-) in aqueous solutions
The aggregation of meso-tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin (H 2TPPS 4-) in phosphate solutions was investigated as a function of pH, concentration, time, ionic strength, and solution preparation (either from dilution of a freshly prepared 2 mM stock or by direct preparation of μM solution concentrations) using a combination of complementary analytical techniques. UV-vis and fluorescence spectroscopy indicated the formation of staggered, side-by-side (J-type) assemblies. Their size and self-associative behavior were determined using analytical ultracentrifugation and small-angle X-ray scattering. Our results indicate that in neutral and basic solutions of H 2TPPS 4-, porphyrin dimers and trimers are formed at micromolar concentrations and in the absence of NaCl to screen any ionic interactions. At these low concentrations and pH 4, the protonated H 4TPPS 2- species self-assembles, leading to the formation of particularly stable aggregates bearing 25 ± 3 macrocycles. At higher concentrations, these structures further organize or reorganize into tubular, rod-like shapes of various lengths, which were imaged by cryogenic and freeze-fracture transmission electron microscopy. Micron-scale fibrillar aggregates were obtained even at micromolar concentrations at pH 4 when prepared from dilution of a 2 mM stock solution, upon addition of NaCl, or both. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Hollingsworth, J., Richard, A., Vicente, M., & Russo, P. (2012). Characterization of the self-assembly of meso-tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin (H 2TPPS 4-) in aqueous solutions. Biomacromolecules, 13 (1), 60-72. https://doi.org/10.1021/bm201078d