Peptide ligands for targeting the extracellular domain of EGFR: Comparison between linear and cyclic peptides
© 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common solid internal malignancy among cancers. Early detection of cancer is key to increasing the survival rate of colorectal cancer patients. Overexpression of the EGFR protein is associated with CRC. We have designed a series of peptides that are highly specific for the extracellular domain of EGFR, based on our earlier studies on linear peptides. The previously reported linear peptide LARLLT, known to bind to EGFR, was modified with the goals of increasing its stability and its specificity toward EGFR. Peptide modifications, including D-amino acid substitution, cyclization, and chain reversal, were investigated. In addition, to facilitate labeling of the peptide with a fluorescent dye, an additional lysine residue was introduced onto the linear (KLARLLT) and cyclic peptides cyclo(KLARLLT) (Cyclo.L1). The lysine residue was also converted into an azide group in both a linear and reversed cyclic peptide sequences cyclo(K(N3)larllt) (Cyclo.L1.1) to allow for subsequent “click” conjugation. The cyclic peptides showed enhanced binding to EGFR by SPR. NMR and molecular modeling studies suggest that the peptides acquire a β-turn structure in solution. In vitro stability studies in human serum show that the cyclic peptide is more stable than the linear peptide.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Chemical Biology and Drug Design
Williams, T., Sable, R., Singh, S., Vicente, M., & Jois, S. (2018). Peptide ligands for targeting the extracellular domain of EGFR: Comparison between linear and cyclic peptides. Chemical Biology and Drug Design, 91 (2), 605-619. https://doi.org/10.1111/cbdd.13125