Synthesis of vitamin E-carnosine (VECAR): New antioxidant molecule with potential application in atherosclerosis
Natural antioxidants such as carnosine and α-tocopherol (vitamin E) provide protection against several oxidative stress-related diseases such as atherosclerosis and Alzheimer's. The synthetic combination of α-tocopherol and carnosine can take advantage of the cellular transport mechanism of α-tocopherol by α-tocopherol transfer protein (α-TTP) to colocate α-tocopherol and carnosine at the interface between a lipophilic and a hydrophilic domain and protect both from oxidation. Successful synthesis of a novel heterodimer of α-tocopherol (vitamin E) and carnosine, VECAR was carried out in a total of nine steps. The VECAR design uses a 13-carbon phytyl-chain mimic to link carnosine to Trolox at the C2 carbon position. This design feature is anticipated to maintain binding to α-TTP, while maintaining the antioxidant activity of the two heterodimer components. Our results confirmed that there was no loss in antioxidant activity in VECAR using an in-vitro DPPH assay, versus α-tocopherol and Trolox. Supplemental materials are available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Synthetic Communications® to view the free supplemental. © 2013 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Astete, C., Songe Meador, D., Spivak, D., & Sabliov, C. (2013). Synthesis of vitamin E-carnosine (VECAR): New antioxidant molecule with potential application in atherosclerosis. Synthetic Communications, 43 (9), 1299-1313. https://doi.org/10.1080/00397911.2011.632829