The NMR spectra of porphyrins-25. Meso-substituent effects in neutral and protonated porphyrins

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The meso (methine) substituent chemical shifts (SCS) of a range of common functional groups have been obtained both for the neutral porphyrin molecule, and for the corresponding dications, in substituted octaethylporphyrin (OEP), etioporphyrin-I, and pyrroetioporphyrin-XV derivatives. The SCS are discussed in terms of both ring current variations and specific effects at the neighboring betasubstituents and the meso-proton opposite the perturbing substituent, using a ring current model to quantify the former. In the neutral molecules, meso substitution in OEP (Me, NO2, CN, CHO) causes a 10% decrease in the macrocyclic ring current, and marked anisotropic shifts at the beta-positions flanking the meso function. The meso-NH2 group introduces a much larger decrease (ca 35%) in the main ring current, due to conjugation of the amino group with the porphyrin π-system. In the porphyrin dications, SCS are much larger and there is some evidence of a concomitant decrease in the ring current of the adjacent pyrrole subunits. The meso-NMe2; substituent at the γ-meso-position in pyrroetioporphyrin-XV has only small SCS in the neutral molecule, but a large shift (similar to that of NH2) in the dication, due to the different orientation of the substituent with respect to the porphyrin plane in each case. The meso-OH substituent in the oxophlorin from etioporphyrin-I behaves as a conjugated OH group in the dication. The anomalous position of the meso-proton opposite to the perturbing substituent is noteworthy, and this could be due to electronic (resonance) effects, or to some protonation at this position. © 1984.

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