Electrochemical Study of the Nonaqueous Oxidation of Dipyrrolic Compounds

Document Type


Publication Date



With use of cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical oxidation potentials vs Ag/AgCl in acetonitrile of 26 pyrromethanes, 10 pyrromethenes, and 2 pyrroketones are measured. Compounds of these types are valuable intermediates in the organic synthesis of porphyrins. Analysis of the measured potentials shows that substituent partial potentials previously established for monopyrroles (Tabba and Smith, J. Org. Chem. 1984, 49, 1870) can usually be used to accurately predict the experimental data, except under circumstances where pyrromethanes possess a terminal a-methyl group. An ECE mechanism is proposed for the electrochemical oxidation of pyrromethanes 1, which are shown to afford pyrromethene salts 2 by way of a two-electron oxidation at a potential approximating the corresponding monopyrrole calculated value. An additional wave at higher potential probably corresponds to oxidation of the pyrromethene 2, and this potential is pH sensitive. A pyrromethane (42) bearing a gem-dimethyl function at the interpyrrole carbon and acetonepyrrole (43) fail to afford pyrromethene upon oxidation, and their insulated dipyrrole or polypyrrole systems behave as simple monopyrroles. © 1989, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Journal of Organic Chemistry

First Page


Last Page


This document is currently not available here.