Title

Improved photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

12-1-1992

Abstract

In order to evaluate the effect of substituents in photosensitizing activity, a series of long wavelength absorbing photosensitizers related to pyropheophorbides, bacteriopheophorbides, and benzoporphyrin derivatives were synthesized. Pheophorbide dimers, covalently joining two molecules of pyropheophorbide-a and bacteriopheophorbide-a with lysine as a cross-link were also prepared. The syntheses and spectroscopic properties of these compounds are discussed. Some of these compounds were tested for in vivo photosensitizing activity vis-a-vis Photofrin IITM, using the standard screening system of DBA/2 mice bearing transplanted SMT/F tumors. The preliminary in vivo results suggest that replacement of substituents at peripheral positions of the macrocycles causes a significant difference in photosensitizing efficacy.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

First Page

264

Last Page

273

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