Title

Novel Macrocycles from Metal-Catalyzed Oxidative Cyclizations of a,c-Biladiene Salts

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-1993

Abstract

From the metal-promoted oxidative cyclization of several 1,19-disubstituted a,c-biladiene dihydrobromide salts, a number of novel macrocycles were prepared. For example, the cyclization of 1,19-bis(2-(methoxycarbonyl)ethyl)-2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-octamethyl-a,c-biladiene dihydrobromide salt (10) with copper(II) acetate afforded copper(II) 20-((methoxycarbonyl)methyl)-1-(2-(methoxycarbonyl)ethyl)-2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-octamethyl-1,20-dihydroporphyrin (13) (39% yield), which, upon demetalation, yielded the metal-free 20-((methoxycarbonyl)methyl)-1-(2-(methoxycarbonyl)ethyl)-2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-octamethyl-1,20-dihydroporphyrin (14) (48% yield). With the substrate 19-((ethoxycarbonyl)methyl)-1-(2-(methoxycarbonyl)ethyl)-2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-octamethyl-a,c-biladi-ene dihydrobromide (15), the metal-catalyzed cyclization process produced copper(II) 20-(ethoxycarbonyl)-1-(2-(methoxycarbonyl)ethyl)-2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-octamethyl-1,20-dihydroporphyrin (18) (27% yield) and copper(II) 20-(ethoxycarbonyl)-2-(2-(methoxycarbonyl)ethyl)-2,7,8,12,13,17,18-heptamethyl-3-methylidene-2,3-dihydroporphyrin (23) (19% yield). Upon demetalation of the copper dihydroporphyrin 18, 20′-(ethoxycarbonyl)-20-(2-(methoxycarbonyl)ethyl)-2,3,7,8,-12,13,17,18-octamethyl-20′-homoporphyrin (28) (16.5% yield) was isolated; demetalation of copper-(11) 20-(ethoxycarbonyl)-2-(2-(methoxycarbonyl)ethyl)-2,7,8,12,13,17,18-heptamethyl-3-methylidene-2,3-dihydroporphyrin (23) yielded the free base 20-(ethoxycarbonyl)-2-(2-(methoxycarbonyl)ethyl)-2,7,8,12,13,17,18-heptamethyl-3-methylidene-2,3-dihydroporphyrin (25) (24% yield). Using chromium (III) hydroxy acetate as the oxidant (in place of copper(II)), 1,2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-nonamethyl-1,20-dihydroporphyrin (5) (55–62%) was obtained from the 1,2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18,19-decamethyl-a,c-biladiene salt 3. Mechanisms of macrocycle formation from a,c-biladiene salts, promoted by either copper(II) or chromium(III), appear to proceed via pathways closely resembling the electrochemical cyclization reaction of 1,19-dimethyl-a,c-biladiene salts. © 1993, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Journal of Organic Chemistry

First Page

6681

Last Page

6691

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