13C Nuclear magnetic resonance and electron paramagnetic spectroscopic comparison of hydrophobic acid, transphilic acid, and reverse osmosis May 2012 isolates of organic matter from the Suwannee River
© 2015 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is found in most natural waters at concentrations low enough to make DOM isolation methodologies critical to full analytical characterization and preservation. During the last few decades, two major protocols have been developed for the extraction of DOM isolates from natural waters. These methods utilize XAD resins and reverse osmosis (RO). In this work, the hydrophobic acid (May 2012 HPOA) and transphilic acid (May 2012 TPIA) isolates from XAD-8 and XAD-4 resins, respectively, were compared with the RO (May 2012 RO) natural organic matter isolate of the Suwannee River water using 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopies. 13C NMR analysis showed that the May 2012 RO isolate could be viewed as a hybrid of the more hydrophobic May 2012 HPOA isolate and more hydrophilic May 2012 TPIA isolate. The May 2012 HPOA isolate is shown to be higher in alkyl and aromatic moieties, while the May 2012 TPIA isolate is higher in O-alkyl moieties. EPR analysis revealed that the May 2012 TPIA and, in particular, May 2012 HPOA isolates had higher radical concentrations than the May 2012 RO isolate. It is postulated that some of the radical concentrations came from the use of base during the isolation procedures, especially in the XAD method.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Environmental Engineering Science
Nwosu, U., & Cook, R. (2015). 13C Nuclear magnetic resonance and electron paramagnetic spectroscopic comparison of hydrophobic acid, transphilic acid, and reverse osmosis May 2012 isolates of organic matter from the Suwannee River. Environmental Engineering Science, 32 (1), 14-22. https://doi.org/10.1089/ees.2014.0261