A new PWM controller with one-cycle response
This paper proposes a new nonlinear control technique that has one-cycle response, does not need a resetable integrator in the control path, and has nearly constant switching frequency. It obtains one-cycle response by forcing the error between the switched variable and the control reference to zero each cycle, while the on and off pulses of the controller are adjusted each cycle to ensure near constant switching frequency. The small switching frequency variation due to changes in the reference signal and supply voltage and delays in the circuit are quantified. Using double-edge modulation, the switching frequency variation is further reduced, thus, the associated signal distortion is minimized. An experimental 0-20-kHz bandwidth 95-W rms power audio amplifier using the control method demonstrates the applicability of this control technique for high-fidelity audio applications. The amplifier has a power supply ripple rejection (PSRR) of 63 dB at 120 Hz. Additionally, the total harmonic distortion plus noise (THD + N) is less than 0.07% measured with a power supply ripple of 15%.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Smith, K., Lai, Z., & Smedley, K. (1999). A new PWM controller with one-cycle response. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 14 (1), 142-150. https://doi.org/10.1109/63.737602