Amination reaction on copper and germanium β-nitrocorrolates
Copper and germanium complexes of β-substituted nitrocorroles were reacted with 4-amino-4H-1,2,4-triazole to give the corresponding β-amino-β-nitro derivatives, in moderate to good yields. This is the first successful example of a vicarious nucleophilic substitution performed on corrole derivatives, because the same reaction carried out on silver complexes afforded the corresponding 6-azahemiporphycenes by way of corrole ring expansion. The first step of this work is related to the modification of a synthetic protocol for preparation of the β-substituted nitro corroles. The nitration reaction was carried out on a copper corrole using NaNO 2 as the primary source of NO 2- coupled with AgNO 2 used as oxidant. By variation of the molar ratio of the reagents it was possible to direct the product distribution toward mono- and dinitro derivatives. The reaction between mono- and dinitro derivatives of (TtBuCorrCu) with 4-amino-4H-1,2,4-triazole gave good results, leading to the isolation of 2-(NH 2)-3-(NO 2)-TtBuCorrCu and 2,18-(NH 2) 2-3,17-(NO 2) 2-TtBuCorrCu in moderate yields. To elucidate factors that influence the reaction, and to highlight the different behavior observed for different metal complex substrates, the electrochemistry of three copper complexes, TtBuPCorrCu, (NO 2)TtBuPCorrCu, and (NO 2) 2TtBuPCorrCu, was studied by cyclic voltammetry and thin-layer UV-visible spectroelectrochemistry. The nitro groups on (NO 2) xTtBuPCorrCu are highly electron-withdrawing, which leads not only to a substantial positive shift of all redox potentials but also to a unique redox behavior and UV-vis spectrum of the singly reduced product as compared to the parent compound, TtBuPCorrCu. Finally, the amination reaction was carried out on a Ge(IV) nitrocorrolate, giving in good yield the 2-amino-3-nitroderivative, which was structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray crystallography. © 2011 American Chemical Society.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Stefanelli, M., Mandoj, F., Mastroianni, M., Nardis, S., Mohite, P., Fronczek, F., Smith, K., Kadish, K., Xiao, X., Ou, Z., Chen, P., & Paolesse, R. (2011). Amination reaction on copper and germanium β-nitrocorrolates. Inorganic Chemistry, 50 (17), 8281-8292. https://doi.org/10.1021/ic2008073