Impact of substituents and nonplanarity on nickel and copper porphyrin electrochemistry: First observation of a CuII/CuIII reaction in nonaqueous media
© 2014 American Chemical Society. Electrochemical studies of the oxidation of dodecasubstituted and highly nonplanar nickel porphyrins in a noncoordinating solvent have previously revealed the first nickel(III) porphyrin dication. Herein, we investigate if these nonplanar porphyrins can also be used to detect the so far unobserved copper(III) porphyrin dication. Electrochemical studies of the oxidation of (DPP)Cu and (OETPP)Cu show three processes, the first two of which are macrocycle-centered to give the porphyrin dication followed by a CuII/CuIII process at more positive potential. Support for the assignment of the CuII/CuIII process comes from the linear relationships observed between E1/2 and the third ionization potential of the central metal ions for iron, cobalt, nickel, and copper complexes of (DPP)M and (OETPP)M. In addition, the oxidation behavior of additional nonplanar nickel porphyrins is investigated in a noncoordinating solvent, with nickel meso-tetraalkylporphyrins also being found to form nickel(III) porphyrin dications. Finally, examination of the nickel meso-tetraalkylporphyrins in a coordinating solvent (pyridine) reveals that the first oxidation becomes metal-centered under these conditions, as was previously noted for a range of nominally planar porphyrins.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Fang, Y., Senge, M., Van Caemelbecke, E., Smith, K., Medforth, C., Zhang, M., & Kadish, K. (2014). Impact of substituents and nonplanarity on nickel and copper porphyrin electrochemistry: First observation of a CuII/CuIII reaction in nonaqueous media. Inorganic Chemistry, 53 (19), 10772-10778. https://doi.org/10.1021/ic502162p