The structure of the BfrB-Bfd complex reveals protein-protein interactions enabling iron release from bacterioferritin
Ferritin-like molecules are unique to cellular iron homeostasis because they can store iron at concentrations much higher than those dictated by the solubility of Fe3+. Very little is known about the protein interactions that deliver iron for storage or promote the mobilization of stored iron from ferritin-like molecules. Here, we report the X-ray crystal structure of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterioferritin (Pa-BfrB) in complex with bacterioferritin-associated ferredoxin (Pa-Bfd) at 2.0 Å resolution. As the first example of a ferritin-like molecule in complex with a cognate partner, the structure provides unprecedented insight into the complementary interface that enables the [2Fe-2S] cluster of Pa-Bfd to promote heme-mediated electron transfer through the BfrB protein dielectric (∼18 Å), a process that is necessary to reduce the core ferric mineral and facilitate mobilization of Fe2+. The Pa-BfrB-Bfd complex also revealed the first structure of a Bfd, thus providing a first view to what appears to be a versatile metal binding domain ubiquitous to the large Fer2-BFD family of proteins and enzymes with diverse functions. Residues at the Pa-BfrB-Bfd interface are highly conserved in Bfr and Bfd sequences from a number of pathogenic bacteria, suggesting that the specific recognition between Pa-BfrB and Pa-Bfd is of widespread significance to the understanding of bacterial iron homeostasis. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Yao, H., Wang, Y., Lovell, S., Kumar, R., Ruvinsky, A., Battaile, K., Vakser, I., & Rivera, M. (2012). The structure of the BfrB-Bfd complex reveals protein-protein interactions enabling iron release from bacterioferritin. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 134 (32), 13470-13481. https://doi.org/10.1021/ja305180n