Synthesis and characterization of cationic copolymers of butylacrylate and [3-(methacryloylamino)-propyl]trimethylammonium chloride

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Cationic copolymers of butylacrylate (BA) and [3-(methacryloylamino)-propyl]trimethylammonium chloride (MAPTAC) were synthesized by free-radical-solution polymerization in methanol and ethanol. An FT-Raman Spectrometer and NMR were used to monitor the polymerization process. The copolymers were characterized by light scattering, NMR, DSC, and thermogravimetric analysis. It was found that random copolymers could be prepared, and the molar fractions of BA and cationic monomers in the copolymers were close to the feed ratios. The copolymer prepared in methanol had a higher molecular weight than that prepared in ethanol. As the cationic monomer content increased, the glass-transition temperature (Tg) of the copolymer also increased, whereas the thermal stability decreased. The reactivity ratios for the monomers were evaluated. The copolymerization of BA (M1) with MAPTAC (M2) gave reactivity ratios such as r1 = 0.92 and r2 = 2.61 in ethanol as well as r1 = 0.79 and r2 = 0.90 in methanol. This study indicated that a random copolymer containing a hydrophobic monomer (BA) and a cationic hydrophilic monomer (MAPTAC) could be prepared in a proper polar solvent such as methanol or ethanol. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry

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