Frontal polymerization (FP) is a process in which a localized reaction zone propagates through monomer or monomers, leaving polymer in its wake. There are three types of FP. The first is photofrontal polymerization in which the front is driven by the continuous flux of radiation, usually UV light. The second is isothermal frontal polymerization, which is based on the 'gel effect' to create a localized reaction zone to propagate slowly from a polymer seed. The last type is thermal frontal polymerization, and it results from the coupling of thermal transport and the Arrhenius dependence of the reaction rate of an exothermic polymerization. This last approach has the greatest range of phenomena and applications. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Polymer Science: A Comprehensive Reference, 10 Volume Set
Pojman, J. (2012). Frontal Polymerization. Polymer Science: A Comprehensive Reference, 10 Volume Set, 4, 957-980. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-53349-4.00124-2