Sustainable-solvent-induced polymorphism in chitin films
This journal is © 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry. We report a simple route to produce chitin films with different crystalline structures. The use of a green deep-eutectic-solvent (DES) choline chlorideurea (CCU) or hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP) allows fine-tuning of the crystallization process to produce films with β-dihydrated- or γ-chitin structures. With the advent of a Grazing-Incidence X-Ray Diffraction (GIXD) technique, we propose a new and fully indexed structure of γ-chitin. This new γ-structure is modeled as a super-cell, in contrast to the idea of a simple physical mixture of α and β phases. The influence of purification, dissolution or dispersion media on chitin's crystallinity was investigated by FTIR, solid-state NMR and XRD. Results presented here may trigger applications in which a well-defined crystalline structure is required.
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Ramírez-Wong, D., Ramírez-Cardona, M., Sánchez-Leija, R., Rugerio, A., Mauricio-Sánchez, R., Hernández-Landaverde, M., Carranza, A., Pojman, J., Garay-Tapia, A., Prokhorov, E., Mota-Morales, J., & Luna-Bárcenas, G. (2016). Sustainable-solvent-induced polymorphism in chitin films. Green Chemistry, 18 (15), 4303-4311. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6gc00628k