Single-Crystal 27 Al NMR of Andalusite and Calculated Electric Field Gradients: The First Complete NMR Assignment for a 5-Coordinate Aluminum Site

Document Type


Publication Date



Andalusite, Al2SiO5, contains 5- and 6-coordinate aluminum sites, and is a preeminent model for 27Al NMR spectroscopy. We describe a combined NMR, crystallography, and theory project: single-crystal 27Al NMR spectra at 298 K, the crystal structure of andalusite at 115 K, and electric field gradient calculations. The low-symmetry 5-coordinate site is a stiff test of the computational methods. In addition, the chemical shift tensor is measured for the 5-coordinate site. The small body of 27Al NMR data, especially for rare 5-coordinate sites, inspires the calculation of NMR parameters. We explore the accuracy of two approaches for 27Al EFG calculations: first, ab initio molecular orbital calculations of small clusters embedded in an array of point charges; second, full-potential linearized augmented plane wave density functional calculations of the crystal. The agreement between the experimental EFG orientation and that from the full-crystal density functional theory is remarkably close, differing by only 0.17° for the 6-coordinate site and 1.56° for the 5-coordinate site. The calculated value of Cq is in error by -0.254 MHz for the 5-coordinate site. The embedded cluster molecular orbital results are significantly less accurate, with orientation errors exceeding 45°.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Journal of Physical Chemistry A

First Page


Last Page


This document is currently not available here.