Microsporidia Have a Peculiar Outer Membrane with Exterior Cytoplasmic Proteins

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PURPOSE: Most eukaryotic cells have a plasma membrane with glycoproteins on the outer leaflet and cytoplasmic proteins on the inner leaflet. However, the microsporidians examined have a peculiar outer membrane with cytoplasmic proteins on the surface. His study was to determine if this is true and identify the presence of key cytoplasmic proteins on the exterior of the sporoplasm and spore stages. METHODS: Specific probes including GFP-labeled genes, antibodies, and electron microscopy were applied to studies on the sporoplasm and spore stages of different microsporidian species. RESULTS: Cytoplasmic membrane proteins cadherin, intermediate filaments, dynactin p150Glued and tubulin were identified on the outer leaflet of the exterior membrane of the sporoplasm or spore stages of Spraguea americanus, Anncaliia algerae, Ameson michaelis and Thelohania sp. CONCLUSION: The invasive sporoplasm stage of microsporidians acquires an outer membrane from a cytoplasmic organelle and it has been shown that the outside surface of this membrane bears cytoplasmic proteins. This membrane retains these cytoplasmic proteins even on the spore stage. For an intracellular parasite that locates directly within the cytoplasm of a host cell, the presence of these cytoplasmic proteins on the surface of the parasite appears to have a significant effect on the host's response.

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Acta parasitologica

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