Deficiency in ST2 signaling ameliorates RSV-associated pulmonary hypertension

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Pulmonary hypertension (PH) observed during respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis is associated with morbidity and mortality, especially in children with congenital heart disease. Yet, the pathophysiological mechanisms of RSV-associated PH remain unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the pathophysiological mechanism of RSV-associated PH. We used a translational mouse model of RSV-associated PH, in which wild-type (WT) and suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (ST2) knockout neonatal mice were infected with RSV at 5 days old and reinfected 4 wk later. The development of PH in WT mice following RSV reinfection was evidenced by elevated right ventricle systolic pressure, shortened pulmonary artery acceleration time (PAT), and decreased PAT/ejection time (ET) ratio. It coincided with the augmentation of periostin and IL-13 expression and increased arginase bioactivity by both arginase 1 and 2 as well as induction of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) uncoupling. Absence of ST2 signaling prevented RSV-reinfected mice from developing PH by suppressing NOS uncoupling. In summary, ST2 signaling was involved in the development of RSV-associated PH. ST2 signaling inhibition may be a novel therapeutic target for RSV-associated PH. We report that the pathogenic role of ST2-mediated type 2 immunity and mechanisms contribute to RSV-associated pulmonary hypertension. Inhibiting ST2 signaling may be a novel therapeutic target for this condition.

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American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology

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