Biochemical characterization of a highly active O2-evolving Photosystem II preparation from maize

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An O2-evolving Photosystem (PS) II preparation was isolated from maize by a Triton X-100 procedure (Kuwabara, T. and Murata, N. (1982) Plant Cell Physiol. 23, 533-539). A highly active O2-evolving preparation was obtained which evolved O2 at 76% the rate of fresh chloroplasts (H2O → 2,6-dichloro-p-benzoquinone) and was very sensitive to 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea. There was no detectable PS I activity in the preparation (2,3,5,6-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine → methyl viologen). When analyzed by lithium dodecyl sulfate (LDS) polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis the O2-evolving preparation was shown to be highly depleted in CP I, CF1, and devoid of cytochromes f and b-563 (the absence of which was confirmed by difference spectroscopy). The preparation was enriched in the PS II reaction center polypeptides I and II, the 34 kDa polypeptide (Metz, J., Wong, J. and Bishop, N.I. (1980) FEBS Lett. 114, 61-66), the Coomassie blue-stainable 32 kDa polypeptide (Kuwabara, T. and Murata, N. (1979) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 581, 228-236), LHCP-associated polypeptides and cytochrome b-559. Polypeptides of unknown function at 40.5, 25, 24, 22, 16.6 and 14 kDa were also present in the O2-evolving preparation. Triton X-114 phase partitioning (Bricker, T.M. and Sherman, L.A. (1982) FEBS Lett. 149, 197-202) indicated that the majority of these polypeptides were intrinsic. Only the polypeptides at 32, 25, 24 and 14 kDa were extrinsic. When examined by the octylglucoside procedure of Camm and Green (Camm, E.L. and Green, B.R. (1980) Plant Physiol. 66, 428-432) the PS II O2-evolving preparation was shown to contain the chlorophyll-proteins CP 27, CP 29, CP II*, D, and CP a-1 and CP a-2. Chlorophyll-proteins associated with PS I were highly depleted. The visible absorption spectra indicated an enrichment of chlorophyll b and carotenoids in the preparation. The 77 K fluorescence emission spectrum (excitation wavelength = 435 nm) exhibits a strong F-686 with little F-695 shoulder and a broad, low-intensity F-735 emission. © 1983.

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BBA - Bioenergetics

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