Purification of cytochrome b-559 from oxygen-evolving Photosystem II preparations of spinach and maize

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A rapid and simple procedure is presented for the purification of chloroplast cytochrome b-559. The method is based on the protocol devised by Garewal and Wasserman (Garewal, H.S. and Wasserman, A.R. (1974) Biochemistry 13, 4063-4071), which we have modified to eliminate the requirement for a lengthy electrophoretic step. Novel features of our method include: the use of oxygen-evolving Photosystem II preparations (Kuwabara, T. and Murata, N. (1982) Plant Cell Physiol. 23, 533-539) as the starting material; isocratic elution of cytochrome b-559 from a DEAE-cellulose column (yielding the protein in a pure state); and a simple column procedure for removal of excess Triton X-100. The procedure has been applied to both spinach and maize (Zea mays L.). Purified cytochromes b-559 from these species have similar optical spectra and mobility during gel electrophoresis under native conditions. Lithium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cytochrome b-559 from both spinach and maize reveals a major polypeptide band (apparent molecular mass = 9 kDa), and two minor bands (apparent molecular masses = 10 kDa and 6 kDa). © 1983.

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BBA - Bioenergetics

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