Evaluation of Hemp (Cannabis sativa) (Rosales: Cannabaceae) as an Alternative Host Plant for Polyphagous Noctuid Pests
Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is a reemerging crop in the United States with increasing outdoor acreage in many states. This crop offers a potential host for polyphagous, defoliating lepidopteran pests currently present in Louisiana. The ability of soybean looper [Chrysodeixis includens (Walker)] (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), fall armyworm [Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith)] (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and beet armyworm [Spodoptera exigua (Hübner)] to develop and reproduce on hemp was investigated in this study. Insects were reared on two hemp varieties, Maverick and Pipeline, as well as documented host plants soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] (Fabales: Fabaceae) variety UA5414RR and cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.)] (Fabales: Fabaceae) variety Quickpick Pinkeye. Larvae of all three species reared on 'Maverick' had significantly faster preadult developmental times compared to the other hosts. Chrysodeixis includens larvae fed excised leaves of 'Maverick' and 'Pipeline' experienced higher intrinsic and finite rates of increase, higher net reproductive rates, and faster mean generation and doubling times. Spodoptera frugiperda larvae reared on 'Maverick', 'Pipeline', and 'UA5414RR' had higher intrinsic and finite rates of increase, higher net reproductive rates, and faster mean generation and doubling times compared to 'Quickpick Pinkeye'. Spodoptera exigua larvae had the highest survivorship on 'Maverick' and similar, positive lifetable statistics when reared on 'Maverick' and 'Pipeline'. The results of this study indicate hemp is an alternative host plant that has the potential to influence the population dynamics of C. includens, S. frugiperda, and S. exigua in Louisiana agroecosystems they co-occur in.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of economic entomology
Arey, N. C., Lord, N. P., & Davis, J. A. (2022). Evaluation of Hemp (Cannabis sativa) (Rosales: Cannabaceae) as an Alternative Host Plant for Polyphagous Noctuid Pests. Journal of economic entomology, 115 (6), 1947-1955. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toac163