Odorant-induced olfactory receptor neural oscillations and their modulation of olfactory bulbar responses in the channel catfish

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Peripheral waves (PWs) in the channel catfish are odorant-induced neural oscillations of synchronized populations of olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) that appear after the initial approximately 500 msec of the response. The mean dominant frequency during the initial 2 sec of PW activity is approximately 28 Hz, declining to approximately 20 Hz in the last sec of a 5 sec stimulus. Recordings of PWs from different regions of a single olfactory lamella and simultaneously from widely separated lamellae within the olfactory organ suggest that PWs are initiated in the sensory epithelium within each olfactory lamella. Simultaneous recordings in vivo from the olfactory organ [electro-olfactogram (EOG) or integrated neural activity], local field potentials (LFPs) from the olfactory bulb (OB), and single and few-unit activity from OB neurons were performed. Cross-correlation analysis of simultaneously recorded odor-induced OB LFPs and either EOG or ORN neural activity showed that oscillations occurring within the OB were lower (<20 Hz) than those of PWs; however, during PW activity, OB LFPs increased both their magnitude and dominant frequencies and became correlated with the PWs. Also during odorant-induced PW activity, the responses of different OB neurons with similar odorant specificity became phase locked to each other and to both the PWs and OB LFPs. PWs are hypothesized to function to strengthen the synaptic transfer of olfactory information at specific glomeruli within the OB.

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The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience

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