Isolation of lumenal proteins from spinach thylakoid membranes by Triton X-114 phase partitioning

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The proteins present in the thylakoid lumen of higher plant chloroplasts have not been rigorously examined. In this communication we present a simple and rapid procedure for the isolation of the soluble proteins and extrinsic membrane proteins present in the thylakoid lumen from spinach. Our procedure involves extensive washing of the thylakoid membranes followed by Triton X-114 phase partitioning. When analyzed by one-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE), we obtain results which are very similar to those obtained by Kieselbach et al. using more classical methods [T. Kieselbach, A. Hagman, B. Andersson, W.P. Schroder, J. Biol. Chem. 273 (1998) 6710-6716]. About 25 major proteins are observed upon Coomassie blue staining. Upon two-dimensional isoelectric focusing-sodium dodecyl sulfate-PAGE and either Coomassie blue or silver staining, however, numerous other protein components are resolved. Our findings indicate that the total number of proteins (soluble and extrinsic membrane) present in the lumen may exceed 150. Copyright (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.

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Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics

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