Tumor necrosis factor α-induced glucose transporter (GLUT-1) mRNA stabilization in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Regulation by the adenosine-uridine binding factor

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Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate and cAMP stimulate hexose transport in quiescent 3T3-L1 preadipocytes by stabilizing the relatively labile mRNA coding for the basal glucose transporter, GLUT-1. The 3'-UTR of GLUT-1 mRNA contains a single copy of the destabilizing AUUUA motif in the context of an AU-rich region. The adenosine- uridine binding factor (AUBF) is a cytosolic protein which interacts with similar AU-rich regions in a variety of labile cytokine and oncogene mRNAs. Here, we demonstrate that AUBF complexes in vitro with GLUT-1 mRNA through the AU-rich portion of the 3'-UTR. AUBF activity is very low in quiescent preadipocytes, but can be up-regulated by agonists such as TPA, TNFα, cAMP, and okadaic acid, all of which stabilize GLUT-1 mRNA. The time courses of TNFα- and TPA-mediated AUBF up-regulation and GLUT-1 mRNA stabilization are coincident, suggesting a cause and effect relationship.

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Journal of Biological Chemistry

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