Title

The induction of the CO2-concentrating mechanism is correlated with the formation of the starch sheath around the pyrenoid of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-1994

Abstract

The pyrenoid is a prominent proteinaceous structure found in the stroma of the chloroplast in unicellular eukaryotic algae, most multicellular algae, and some hornworts. The pyrenoid contains the enzyme ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase and is sometimes surrounded by a carbohydrate sheath. We have observed in the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Dangeard that the pyrenoid starch sheath is formed rapidly in response to a decrease in the CO2 concentration in the environment. This formation of the starch sheath occurs coincidentally with the induction of the CO2-concentrating mechanism. Pyrenoid starch-sheath formation is partly inhibited by the presence of acetate in the growth medium under light and low-CO2 conditions. These growth conditions also partly inhibit the induction of the CO2-concentrating mechanism. When cells are grown with acetate in the dark, the CO2-concentrating mechanism is not induced and the pyrenoid starch sheath is not formed even though there is a large accumulation of starch in the chloroplast stroma. These observations indicate that pyrenoid starch-sheath formation correlates with induction of the CO2-concentrating mechanism under low-CO2 conditions. We suggest that this ultrastructural reorganization under lowCO2 conditions plays a role in the CO2-concentrating mechanism C. reinhardtii as well as in other eukaryotic algae. © 1994 Springer-Verlag.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Planta

First Page

210

Last Page

216

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