Membrane lipid biosynthesis in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii: Ethanolaminephosphotransferase is capable of synthesizing both phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine
Phosphatidylethanolamine, but not phosphatidylcholine, is found in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. A cDNA coding for diacylglycerol: CDP-ethanolamine ethanolaminephosphotransferase (EPT) was cloned from C. reinhardtii. The C. reinhardtii EPT appears phylogenetically more similar to mammalian aminoalcoholphosphotransferases than to those of yeast and the least close to those of plants. Similar membrane topography was found between the C. reinhardtii EPT and the aminoalcoholphosphotransferases from mammals, yeast, and plants. A yeast mutant deficient in both cholinephosphotransferase and ethanolaminephosphotransferase was complemented by the C. reinhardtii EPT gene. Enzymatic assays of C. reinhardtii EPT from the complemented yeast microsomes demonstrated that the C. reinhardtii EPT synthesized both PC and PE in the transformed yeast. The addition of either unlabeled CDP-ethanolamine or CDP-choline to reactions reduced incorporation of radiolabeled CDP-choline and radiolabeled CDP-ethanolamine into phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine. EPT activity from the transformed yeast or C. reinhardtii cells was inhibited nearly identically by unlabeled CDP-choline, CDP-ethanolamine, and CMP when [ 14C]CDP-choline was used as the primary substrate, but differentially by unlabeled CDP-choline and CDP-ethanolamine when [ 14C]CDP-ethanolamine was the primary substrate. The K m value of the enzyme for CDP-choline was smaller than that for CDP-ethanolamine. This provides evidence that C. reinhardtii EPT, similar to plant aminoalcoholphosphotransferase, is capable of catalyzing the final step of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis, as well as that of phosphatidylethanolamine in the Kennedy pathway. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Yang, W., Moroney, J., & Moore, T. (2004). Membrane lipid biosynthesis in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii: Ethanolaminephosphotransferase is capable of synthesizing both phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 430 (2), 198-209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abb.2004.07.016