Title

Dispersion and insertion polymorphism in two small subfamilies of recently amplified human Alu repeats

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-31-1995

Abstract

Newly isolated members of two recently propagated (young) Alu subfamilies were examined for sequence diversity and insertion polymorphism in primate genomes. The smaller subfamily (termed HS-2) is comprised of approximately 5 to 25 members, while the larger (termed Sb2) includes approximately 125 to 600 members. Individual members of these Alu subfamilies share distinguishing sets of diagnostic mutations, are well-conserved relative to each other, and have expanded in the human lineage. At least one member from each subfamily is known to be polymorphic in humans. Three newly characterized HS-2 Alu family members as well as three Sb2 Alu repeats are monomorphic (fixed) in humans. The existence of a number of Alu subfamilies that have amplified in parallel within the human genome provides compelling evidence for the simultaneous activity of multiple dispersed Alu source genes. © 1995 Academic Press Limited.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Journal of Molecular Biology

First Page

418

Last Page

427

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