Title

Biocatalytic and antimetastatic studies of the marine cembranoids sarcophine and 2-epi-16-deoxysarcophine

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-1-2006

Abstract

The soft coral Sarcophyton glaucum is a rich resource of several bioactive cembranoids. Sarcophytol A (1) and sarcophine (2) are cembranoid diterpenes reported from this soft coral and extensively investigated for their cancer chemopreventive properties. This study aimed at investigating the antimetastatic potential of the major cembranoids, sarcophine (2) and 2-epi-16-deoxysarcophine (3), from the Red Sea soft coral S. glaucum. Biocatalytic transformation of 3 using Rhizopus stolonifer ATCC 6227a and Absidia spinosa ATCC 6648 afforded four new metabolites, 5-7 and 9, along with the known 9α-hydroxysarcophine (8). Sarcophine, 2-epi-16-deoxysarcophine, and metabolites 5-9 revealed significant antimetastatic activity against the highly metastatic mouse melanoma cell line (B16B15b). Cembranoids demonstrate a great potential for further development as antimetastatic agents. © 2006 American Chemical Society and American Society of Pharmacognosy.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Journal of Natural Products

First Page

1010

Last Page

1013

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