Growth-regulated expression of a bacteriocin, produced by the sweet potato pathogen streptomyces ipomoeae, that exhibits interstrain inhibition

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Certain strains of the bacterial sweet potato pathogen Streptomyces ipomoeae produce the bacteriocin ipomicin, which inhibits other sensitive strains of the same species. Within the signal-sequence-encoding portion of the ipomicin structural gene ipoA exists a single rare TTA codon, which is recognized in Streptomyces bacteria by the temporally accumulating bldA leucyl tRNA. In this study, ipomicin was shown to stably accumulate in culture supernatants of 5. ipomoeae in a growth-regulated manner that did not coincide with the pattern of ipoA expression. Similar growth-regulated production of ipomicin in Streptomyces coelicolor containing the cloned ipoA gene was found to be directly dependent on translation of the ipoA TTA codon by the bldA leucyl tRNA. The results here suggest that bldA-dependent translation of the 5. ipomoeae ipoA gene leads to growth-regulated production of the ipomicin precursor, which upon processing to the mature form and secretion stably accumulates in the extracellular environment. To our knowledge, this is the first example of bldA regulation of a bacteriocin in the streptomycetes. Copyright © 2009, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

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Applied and Environmental Microbiology

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