Determination of the range in binding-site densities of rat skin heparin chains with high binding affinities for antithrombin.
Rat skin heparin proteoglycans vary markedly in the proportions of their constituent polysaccharide chains that have high binding affinity for antithrombin. As the proportion of such chains in a proteoglycan rises, their degree of affinity for antithrombin also increases [Horner (1987) Biochem. J. 244, 693-698]. The antithrombin-binding-site densities of such chains have now been determined, by measuring heparin-induced enhancement of the intrinsic fluorescence of antithrombin and by chemical analysis for the disaccharide sequence glucuronosyl-N-sulphoglucosaminyl (3,6-di-O-sulphate), which is unique to this site in heparin [Lindahl, Bäckström, Thunberg & Leder (1980) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 77, 6551-6555]. Antithrombin-binding-site density ranged from one to five sites per chain.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
The Biochemical journal
Horner, A., Kusche, M., Lindahl, U., & Peterson, C. (1988). Determination of the range in binding-site densities of rat skin heparin chains with high binding affinities for antithrombin.. The Biochemical journal, 251 (1), 141-145. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2510141