Rationally designed integrin β3 mutants stabilized in the high affinity conformation
Integrins are important cell surface receptors that transmit bidirectional signals across the membrane. It has been shown that a conformational change of the integrin β-subunit headpiece (i.e. the β I domain and the hybrid domain) plays a critical role in regulating integrin ligand binding affinity and function. Previous studies have used coarse methods (a glycan wedge, mutations in transmembrane contacts) to force the β-subunit into either the open or closed conformation. Here, we demonstrate a detailed understanding of this conformational change by applying computational design techniques to select five amino acid side chains that play an important role in the energetic balance between the open and closed conformations of αIIbβ3. Eight single-point mutants were designed at these sites, of which five bound ligands much better than wild type. Further, these mutants were found to be in a more extended conformation than wild type, suggesting that the conformational change at the ligand binding headpiece was propagated to the legs of the integrin. This detailed understanding of the conformational change will assist in the development of allosteric drugs that either stabilize or destabilize specific integrin conformations without occluding the ligand-binding site. © 2009 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Luo, B., Karanicolas, J., Harmacek, L., Baker, D., & Springer, T. (2009). Rationally designed integrin β3 mutants stabilized in the high affinity conformation. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 284 (6), 3917-3924. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M806312200