Title

Overview: Structural biology of integrins

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-24-2011

Abstract

Integrins are cell adhesion molecules that play important roles in many biological processes including hemostasis, immune responses, development, and cancer. Their adhesiveness is dynamically regulated through a process termed inside-out signaling. In addition, ligand binding transduces outside-in signals from the extracellular domain to the cytoplasm. Advances in the past several years have shed light on structural basis for integrin regulation and signaling, especially how the large-scale reorientations of the ectodomain are related to the inter-domain and intra-domain shape shifting that changes ligand-binding affinity. Experiments have also shown how the conformational changes of the ectodomain are linked to changes in the α- and β-subunit transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Methods in Molecular Biology

First Page

81

Last Page

99

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