Interaction of Bovine Mitochondrial Ribosomes with Escherichia coli Initiation Factor 3 (IF3)

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Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomes are distinguished from their bacterial and eukaryotic-cytoplasmic counterparts, as well as from mitochondrial ribosomes of lower eukaryotes, by their physical and chemical properties and their high protein content. However, they do share more functional homologies with bacterial ribosomes than with cytoplasmic ribosomes. To search for possible homologies between mammalian mitochondrial ribosomes and bacterial ribosomes at the level of initiation factor binding sites, we studied the interaction of Escherichia coli initiation factor 3 (IF3) with bovine mitochondrial ribosomes. Bacterial IF3 was found to bind to the small subunit of bovine mitochondrial ribosomes with an affinity of the same order of magnitude as that for bacterial ribosomes, suggesting that most of the functional groups contributing to the IF3 binding site in bacterial ribosomes are conserved in mitochondrial ribosomes. Increasing ionic strength affects binding to both ribosomes similarly and suggests a large electrostatic contribution to the reaction. Furthermore, bacterial IF3 inhibits the Mg2+-dependent association of mitochondrial ribosomal subunits, suggesting that the bacterial IF3 binds to mitochondrial small subunits in a functional way. © 1988, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

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